WHAT IS THE COLON?
The colon is also known as the large intestine. Its main functions are water and mineral absorption, as well as the elimination of fecal matter. After food is ingested it travels to the stomach where it is digested, it then goes to the small intestine. This is where nutrients in the food are absorbed. Lastly, the remaining waste travels through the colon to the rectum where the waste is expelled.
WHAT IS COLON RESECTION?
Colon resection is the surgical procedure to remove a part or the entire colon. A colon resection may be performed for a variety of reasons, including:
- Bowel obstruction
- Crohn’s Disease
- Volvulus or twist
- Colon cancer
- Inflammatory bowel disease
HOW IS LAPAROSCOPIC COLON RESECTION PERFORMED?
- Under general anesthesia, so the patient is asleep throughout the procedure.
- Using a cannula (a narrow tube-like instrument), the surgeon enters the abdomen in the area of the belly-button. Your abdomen will be inflated with carbon dioxide gas to create a space to operate.
- A laparoscope (a tiny telescope) connected to a special camera is inserted through the cannula, giving the surgeon a magnified view of the patient’s internal organs on a monitor.
- Two to three cannulas are inserted for placement of instruments.
- The colon will be clamped above and below the diseased section. This section will be removed and the free ends of the colon are joined together.
ADVANTAGES OF LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY
- Less post-operative pain
- May shorten hospital stay
- May result in a faster return to solid-food diet
- May result in quicker return to normal physical activities
- Improved cosmetic result